GOLF: Internal Vs. External Rotation Of The Trail Shoulder

GOLF: Internal  Vs. External Rotation Of The Trail Shoulder

Internal Vs. External Rotation Of The Trail Shoulder

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Internal vs. external rotation of the trail shoulder in the golf swing. Which one is right for you?

First, let’s explain what it means. If my trail shoulder is externally rotated during the backswing, I feel more elbow down, I’m keeping the arm tighter to the body, and I have a look where the shaft is sort of laid off. If I’m more internally rotated, I’ll have more of a flying, right elbow – my elbow is farther away from the ground – and more of an across the line or down the line look.

Not everyone has enough trail shoulder mobility to externally rotate. So, I would say first check and see what you can or can’t do. External rotation does make it easier to have a good downswing. When I externally rotate my trail shoulder, the club head is already behind my hands and the club is already really nicely on plane. All I have to do is maintain that external rotation in transition or increase it a little bit and I’ve already shallowed the shaft.

When people have a more internally rotated trail shoulder there is more potential for speed. So, whether you are externally rotated at the top or internally rotated at the top, both of those players still need to get into external rotation in transition. The act or action of going from internally rotated to externally rotated creates speed. If longer shots are part of your priority list, which most of you probably they are, that’s a move you can do for that.

Ultimately both of them can work. Whether you’re going to go internal or external, you will do it from the takeaway to the top. See what your flexibility is. Identify your priorities. If you can externally rotate in transition, give it a try. If not, just keep it simple and no matter what you do, do it during the second half of your backswing.


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